© Heinz Schoon 2017
The Emigration
At the beginning of the 19th century, many Württemberg families left their country. After the relaxation of the previously imposed travel ban, many families left for various reasons. These were: - Political reasons - Economic reasons - Religious reasons Targets were considered coveted: America, Southeast Europe and Russia. The founding families of Teplitz left mainly for religious reasons. Most of them were wealthy families who had dedicated themselves to chiliasm (millennalism). They believed in the imminent return of Christ, who would establish a millennial kingdom of peace. This return was to happen soon and the faithful wanted to be on the spot. They believed that this would be in Israel. However, it was not possible to leave there and so they turned their attention to the Caucasus. Near Mount Ararat, where Noah's Ark was suspected, they sought refuge to await Christ. The Russian empire, the Caucasus, was their destination. In the spring of 1817, the peak of the wave of emigration, Chiliasts from the Stuttgart area also set off for Russia. They united in so-called "harmonies" led by an elected leader. After these harmonies had obtained an entry permit for Russia from the Russian ambassador in Vienna, they gathered for departure in Ulm/Danube. From there, the "Ulmer Schachteln" were taken by ship down the Danube to Vienna. Continue with barges, also called "Zillen", in the direction of the Danube estuary. The Russian envoy in Vienna recommended the land route to the travellers, but without success. They took the barges further down the Danube. Soon, however, many travellers fell ill with illness on the fully crammed barges. Especially the unclean drinking water of the Danube soon led to first deaths. In addition, they could not moor in the planned city of Galatz because the plague had broken out there. They had to continue to Ismail. There, the Russian authorities ordered a few week-long quarantine. On an uninhabited Danube island, the emigrants had to camp in tents. Epidemics broke out due to many problems such as unclean drinking water, lack of clothing and food, lack of medicines and poor shelter. A large part of the travellers fell victim to these. After the quarantine was lifted by the Russian authorities, the emigrants shared. Ninety-eight families accepted an offer from the Russian government to settle in an area called Bessarabia only a few days‘ travel away. The majority of the group continued their journey to their desired destination in the East. The ninety-eight families who had decided to settle in Bessarabia came from the Württemberger Oberämtern (chief administrative city): Urach, Nürtingen, Tübingen, Reutlingen, Nagold, Leonberg, Maulbronn, Kirchheim/Teck, Stuttgart, Schorndorf, Lorch, Backnang, Weinsberg, Böblingen, Rottenburg, Vaihingen, Besigheim, Esslingen, Neufern, Herrenberg, Dornstadt and Bietigheim. The Russian government assigned you an area along the Kogaelnik River. They founded Colony No. 12, which was later called Teplitz.
Ulmer Schachtel
© Heinz Schoon 2017
The Emigration
At the beginning of the 19th century, many Württemberg families left their country. After the relaxation of the previously imposed travel ban, many families left for various reasons. These were: - Political reasons - Economic reasons - Religious reasons Targets were considered coveted: America, Southeast Europe and Russia. The founding families of Teplitz left mainly for religious reasons. Most of them were wealthy families who had dedicated themselves to chiliasm (millennalism). They believed in the imminent return of Christ, who would establish a millennial kingdom of peace. This return was to happen soon and the faithful wanted to be on the spot. They believed that this would be in Israel. However, it was not possible to leave there and so they turned their attention to the Caucasus. Near Mount Ararat, where Noah's Ark was suspected, they sought refuge to await Christ. The Russian empire, the Caucasus, was their destination. In the spring of 1817, the peak of the wave of emigration, Chiliasts from the Stuttgart area also set off for Russia. They united in so-called "harmonies" led by an elected leader. After these harmonies had obtained an entry permit for Russia from the Russian ambassador in Vienna, they gathered for departure in Ulm/Danube. From there, the "Ulmer Schachteln" were taken by ship down the Danube to Vienna. Continue with barges, also called "Zillen", in the direction of the Danube estuary. The Russian envoy in Vienna recommended the land route to the travellers, but without success. They took the barges further down the Danube. Soon, however, many travellers fell ill with illness on the fully crammed barges. Especially the unclean drinking water of the Danube soon led to first deaths. In addition, they could not moor in the planned city of Galatz because the plague had broken out there. They had to continue to Ismail. There, the Russian authorities ordered a few week-long quarantine. On an uninhabited Danube island, the emigrants had to camp in tents. Epidemics broke out due to many problems such as unclean drinking water, lack of clothing and food, lack of medicines and poor shelter. A large part of the travellers fell victim to these. After the quarantine was lifted by the Russian authorities, the emigrants shared. Ninety-eight families accepted an offer from the Russian government to settle in an area called Bessarabia only a few days‘ travel away. The majority of the group continued their journey to their desired destination in the East. The ninety-eight families who had decided to settle in Bessarabia came from the Württemberger Oberämtern (chief administrative city): Urach, Nürtingen, Tübingen, Reutlingen, Nagold, Leonberg, Maulbronn, Kirchheim/Teck, Stuttgart, Schorndorf, Lorch, Backnang, Weinsberg, Böblingen, Rottenburg, Vaihingen, Besigheim, Esslingen, Neufern, Herrenberg, Dornstadt and Bietigheim. The Russian government assigned you an area along the Kogaelnik River. They founded Colony No. 12, which was later called Teplitz.
Ulmer Schachtel